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Pierre Poulin

The Art outsider

Delight in Discovery

A brief history of outsider art

The label “art brut” was used in 1945 by French painter Jean Dubuffet to describe art created by persons with no artistic culture. He thus built on the 1920 works and findings of Dr. Hans Prinzhon on the “art of the mentally ill” also called “asylum art”, and on Dr. Walter Morgenthaler’s 1921 study of psychiatric patient Adolf Wölfli, the most iconic asylum artist. While visiting psychiatric institutes in Switzerland and France, Dubuffet quickly gleaned a vast collection of such works that will be managed by the “Compagnie de l’art brut“, with which André Breton will for a time be associated. The term “outsider art” has since commonly been used as the English equivalent for “art brut”. Abonnez-vous au contenu de notre site internet pour lire ce texte. Subscribe to our Website content to read more

Text by HélèneCaroline Fournier

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